Snow Crab. The King Crab. 5 Orangutan Crab Achaeus Japonicus. More than 1,300 described species of freshwater crabs are known, out of a total of 6,700 species of crabs across all environments. This type of crab is usually only captured by its pincers, because that is where the biggest amount of meat is stored and with a more delicate flavor. Much of the delicious white meat is found in the legs of the Red King crab that can have a span of nearly 5 ft. (1.8 m)! _g1 = document.getElementById('g1-logo-inverted-source'); With Hermit crabs, lifespans and sizes vary greatly and in fact, they can live anywhere from a few months all the way up to thirty years. You can find them in the depth of 450 feet. They are also called ‘robber crabs’ or ‘palm thief’ as they are speculative creatures that will steal anything edible they can find. They can also be called rock or bay crabs, although the rock crabs are usually actually a type called a snow crab. The Spruce / Bailey Mariner Blue Crab . Like other types of crabs, it is only legal to harvest the male King crabs, and the meat is snowy white with a yummy, delicate flavor and an outer edge that is bright red in color. The largest crab species is fished from October to January in Norton Sound, Alaska, and the Bering Sea. For example, snow crabs live in the cold waters around Alaska, Greenland, Siberia, and Japan. These crabs are also known as calling crabs, and belong to the family Ocypodidae. They also have a unique form of protecting themselves, as they usually use one of their legs – which contains a small circular groove at the base – to snap off a leg should it be held by a predator or get entangled to the point where it cannot escape any other way. It can be steamed, boiled, grilled, sautéed, or even roasted. The taste of this variety of crab is described as moist and tender with salty hints of the ocean. The Latin name for blue crabs means “beautiful swimmer,” and the name suits it well because it is a beautiful, blue-green-colored crab. Crabs make up 20% of all marine crustaceans caught, farmed, and consumed worldwide, amounting to 1.5 million tonnes annually. In fact, Hermit crabs consider their shells so important that they are known to kill other Hermit crabs in order to steal their shell. Different types of crabs inhabit cold saltwater regions, warm sea areas, bodies of fresh water, and they also live on the land. Snow crabs (Chionoecetes opilio) are also called rock crabs and are a type of Alaskan crab with long legs. Ocean crabs live in deeper waters, and some species even inhabit places as inhospitable as hydrothermal oceanic vents. A rainbow land crab. Many people say that coconut crabs taste like a cross between a crab and a lobster. They’re sold live, cooked whole, frozen, and as picked meat. This type of crab is usually eaten for its tasty white meat in the legs and claws. In fact, this type of crab is very popular among chefs nowadays, because that’s how good the meat is, in part because you can use this crab in everything from salads to crab rolls and much more. An adult brown crab can weigh up to 6.6 lbs (3 kg) with about one-third of its weight being meat. Visit the Atlas Pages for the Crabs of BC . Blue crabs: By far the most common fresh crab is the blue crab. In fact, species of king crabs are among some of the largest types of crabs on the planet. It belongs to the family Lithodidae which comprises of forty species. Blue Crab A native of the western edge of the Atlantic Ocean, the blue crab ranges from Nova Scotia to Argentina. try { The reason they are called. Soft-shell crabs. As its name suggests, the Blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) has blue colored shell and legs when caught in the wild. Nayturr Its carapace can grow up to 5.25” (13 cm) in diameter. Another species of hermit crabs, the Coenobita rugosus, looks very similar to the Ecuadorian crabs except for a few key differences. Similar to the Florida Stone crab, the claws of this seawater crab have black tips. These large-sized crabs are found in the waters around the East Coast of the US, the Gulf of Mexico, Japan, and Europe. To narrow down the options, let’s look at some of the most popular types of pet crabs. Let’s look in more detail at some of the most popular types of crabs that you can eat. Some species are now endangered because of habitat loss as well as intensive hunt which leads to 1½ million tons of crabs cooked alive every year. The graceful crab is very similar in appearance to the Dungeness crab, however it is much smaller and lacks the “teeth” along the edge of the pinchers. The crab varieties come by these names due to the color of their shells. You can boil them in a similar way to Blue crab and they have a rich sweet taste. It is generally boiled in salt water to cook it. One species, Portunus trituberculatus, accounts for one-fifth of that total. The Florida Stone crab (Menippe mercenaria) is another popular type of marine crab that is prized for its delicious delicately-flavored meat. Cooking a Blue crab causes the shell to turn a distinct deep red color common to most cooked crustaceans. Coconut crabs inhabit islands in the Indian and Pacific oceans. When it comes to large crabs, the Red King crab is certainly one of the biggest crabs in the world. They are decapods that can get up to four pounds in weight, and their diet consists mostly of clams, worms, and other crustaceans found on the ocean bottom. The enormous cold-water crab can weigh up to 42 lbs (19 kg)! For simply steamed legs, try this King Crab Leg recipe. Systematics. Even though they are a beautiful blue color, they do change to a reddish color as other crabs when they are cooked. There are around 1,300 species of freshwater crabs, distributed throughout the tropics and subtropics, divided among eight families. 15 Different Types of Ivy (Plus Essential Facts), 4 Types of Fossil Fuels (Plus Interesting Facts), Three Types of Mammals (Plus Examples for Each). Often called the Alaskan King crab, the Russian crab, or the Japanese crab, these crabs can get up to 25 pounds in weight and up to ten feet in size. In fact, its scientific name literally means ‘beautiful savory swimmer.’ These swimming crabs can grow to about 9” (23 cm) in width (excluding the length of the legs). Snow crabs (rock crabs) are a type of edible Alaskan crab. _g1.setAttribute('src', _g1.getAttribute('data-src') ); Red King crabs are generally caught in cold North Pacific seas around Alaska, such as the Bering Sea and Norton Sound. The Brown crab (Cancer pagurus) is an edible crab with a reddish-brown shell, legs, and claws. Apart from the blue color of its shell, one of the identifying features of this popular crab variety is the shape of its body (carapace). The popular name of this crab was coined in Maine. Rather than a round type of carapace, the side of a Blue crab’s body protrudes to a point. Dungeness crabs are very large, usually weighing from 1.75 to 4 pounds, and they have a color that is purplish-brown. However, Ecuadorian crabs have more variation of color, such as darker-colored feet, whereas the body of a ruggie is the same, uniform color. The Peekytoe crab (Atlantic rock crab) is a type of cold ocean crab. These crabs are incredibly sweet—and many aficionados prefer them to any other type of crab. This page takes a look at some the most interesting types of crabs and how they live. Snow Crabs. Different crab species require different marine environments for survival. The rugosus, or ruggie, comes in a variety of colors: black, blue, tan, gray, peach, and even white. They live in water that at least 1000 feet deep. They have meat that is tender and sweet, and they are some of the most heavily harvested animals on the planet. Another popular large variety of crab is the Dungeness crab (Cancer magister) which is brown to purple in color and has a hard shell. There is usually plenty of meat in the body as well as the legs and claws. Looking like the rock star of the crab world, the orangutan crab is a small species of … Found quite frequently on the Eastern coast of the United States, blue crabs can be from 3.5 to 5.5 inches in sizes, sometimes larger. The shallows at Three Tree Point are a good place to encounter this species. Peekytoe crabs have white meat with little specks of pink and a very sweet flavor that is enjoyed by all types of chefs. Compared to the size of other popular types of edible crabs, the Peekytoe crab is a medium-sized crab. For my money, pound for pound (and king crabs can weigh up to 10 pounds each), I’d go with Alaskan red king crab legs over lobster tail any day. Soft-shell crabs are blue crabs that have molted. In order to grow larger, crabs have to shed their old shell and form a new one. Also called a robber crab or a palm thief, the coconut crab is the largest land-living arthropod in the world, getting up to nine pounds in weight and up to sixteen inches long. if ( localStorage.getItem(skinItemId ) ) { This is not a problem for them, because they can grow another leg from the scar where the last one was found. However, the Florida stone crab is found in warmer seas in the Gulf of Mexico, on the coast of Florida, and in salt marshes in some US states. Stone crabs are caught from October through March. The Japanese Spider is a type of large crab with long legs. The Brown crab is one of the most popular varieties of edible sea crab in the UK. Their popular name is a misnomer, as they are not true crabs, nor even crustaceans, as crabs are, but a different order of arthropod.. There are many types of crab; each crab has its own characteristics and is used for cooking or for different purposes. These different types of crab can be cooked in numerous ways, although most people prefer to boil or steam their crab. Some of them make great pets, whereas others aren’t as suitable. Dungeness crabs have very hard shells and five separate pairs of legs. Types Of Crabs - There are about 850 types of crabs that are found throughout tropical and semi-tropical regions. There are many types of crab that you can catch, clean, cook and eat. Their behavior has also earned them various names. Rather than being something to fear, the meat of a Japanese spider crab is a delicious delicacy. The taste of Horsehair crab meat is described as sweet and delicate and is considered as one of the best tasting crab. Its Latin name, Calinectes sapidus, means "beautiful swimmer," and it is indeed a beautiful blue-green color. An adult green crab may only average about 2” (5 cm) and they have been a popular food source for hundreds of years. Found frequently in territories around the Pacific and Indian oceans, Coconut crabs only have two distinct predators – other Coconut crabs and human beings. Introduction . Alaskan waters house an array of these delicious crab breeds that are ready to be split open for your next meal. It is not so much an exploration of the different families of crabs as an examination of what kinds of places crabs live with examples of individual species. You will find Dungeness Crabs as far north as the Aleutian Islands, Alaska south as Magdalena Bay, Mexico. Of course, the length of the long spindly legs means that it may take a bit of work to get all of the tasty flaky white meat out. Atlantic Rock Crab. They are characterized by the brown tones of the upper part of their shells, which become lighter in the lower one. Analysis of some of these crabs are as follows; 1. Although their shell-to-meat ratio is relatively small, they are still edible and very tasty. Brown, brown-yellow, or dark red carapace. This is a medium-sized crab variety with the carapace being between 6” and 9” (15 – 22 cm) wide. The Japanese Spider crab (Macrocheira kaempferi) is a scary-looking type of crab that tops the list of crabs with long legs. This becomes a deep red color when cooked. When caught in the wild, Red King crabs have light brown jaggy body. } catch(e) {}. These ‘crabs’ are more closely related to squat lobsters. With stone crabs, only the claws themselves are eaten, and since crabs can regenerate their claws every eighteen months, fishermen often twist off a claw and toss the crabs back into the water, leaving them with one claw to defend themselves. The Chesapeake Bay, bordered by Virginia and Maryland, is famous for its blue crabs. This species of crab is also found in the cold seas around Alaska and in the North Atlantic Ocean. The Horseshoe crab is a type of arthropod and, despite their name, are not a true variety of crab. They are found in the waters from Alaska to the Baja area of Mexico and are named for a town called Dungeness, which was formerly found in Washington State. If you don’t know the major differences about the crabs, below is the list of types of crabs to make you aware more about these giant species. Because the shell of Dungeness crabs is especially hard, crab crackers and shrimp forks are usually provided to extract the pinky-white sweet meat. A sweet, easy staple at all-you-can-eat seafood buffets. In recent years, Bairdi crabs have suffered due to overfishing, which has resulted in strict controls being placed over fisheries that specialize in this type of crab. Bairdi crabs are also called “true” crabs, and their pincer claws are in the front of their legs. 1. In order to be harvested, they are required by law to be a minimum of 6.25 inches in length, and only the males are allowed to be harvested. Other commercially important taxa include Portunus pelagicus, several species in the genus Chionoecetes, the blue crab (Callinectes sapidus), Charybdis spp., Cancer pagurus, the Dungeness crab (Metacarcinus magister), and Scylla serrata, each of which yields more than 20,000 tonnes annually. _g1.setAttribute('srcset', _g1.getAttribute('data-srcset')); try { This is a small to medium-sized crab. They have a sweet, succulent flesh that is pink in color, and their prime season is Winter time. Compared to varieties of seawater crabs, the Southern European crab is tiny in comparison. Most varieties of crab have hard outer shell (called an exoskeleton), 3 walking legs on either side of their body, and 2 pinching claws. Blue Crabs. But unlike most hermit crabs, coconut crabs develop a hard, calcified shell for protection. This is not as large as the Red King crab, but can still weigh up to 18 lbs (8.2 kg). INTRODUCTION TO THE CRABS, SHRIMPS AND CRAYFISH OF BRITISH COLUMBIA (ORDER DECAPODA) Pacific Red Hermit Crab (Elassochirus gilli), photo by Aaron Baldwin. So, just how big is the Japanese spider crab? Like many crab species, they are nocturnal and spend the day hiding or defending their homes on the reef or rock walls from trespassers. These animals usually live in intertidal zones, such as the shores of beaches, estuaries and mangroves. From the many species of king crab, Red King crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus) is a popular type of Alaskan crab. Crabs are very old creatures, dating back to the Jurassic Period which was 200 million years ago. if ( localStorage.getItem(skinItemId ) ) { This crab variety is prized for the amount of meat in its body. Alaskan crab is more a crustacean rather than a true crab. As hermit crabs grow, they have to discard their shells and look for larger ones. Search for a species: Advanced search. Alaskan King Crab. You can usually find king crabs at the bottom of the ocean or on muddy, sandy floors at a depth of anywhere from 90 – 300 feet. Hermit crabs make up a group of crabs in the Paguroidea superfamily and can include marine crabs and land hermit crabs. Hermit crabs are not a true species of crab as they don’t belong to the Brachyura infraorder. True crabs typically have quite a short projecting “tail” and the reduced abdomen is hidden entirely under the thorax. Horsehair crabs are generally found in the waters around Alaska and Northern Japan. If you can obtain a naturally sweet species like flower crab, go light on the seasoning to let the natural flavor of the crab come through. They have sweet white meat that has an oilier texture than regular crab meat. 1,594. 5. Another type of huge Alaskan king crab is the Blue King Crab (Paralithodes platypus). Brown crabs have an oval body with edging that looks like a pie crust. They have … _g1.setAttribute('src', _g1.getAttribute('data-src') ); Moreover, each long leg of the Coconut crab can be as wide as three feet in span, although their maximum size isn’t reached until they are roughly forty to sixty years old. Bairdi crabs have short tails and are very specialized. The Southern European crab is a type of small edible freshwater crab. These crabs usually grow to 8” (20 cm) in width, with the body and meat being a good source of meat. They have five pairs of legs, the first one containing pincers, and a body that is made mostly of a shell or a carapace that has a small abdominal flap. The Horsehair crab is a type of small to medium-sized edible crab. The leg span can reach a massive 18 ft. (5.5 m) in length. If you happen to eat a coconut crab while visiting a Pacific Island, you may also find that they have a slight taste of coconut.
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