It is believed that their appearance includes small eyes and red hair. [t], Early Christian writers (e.g. As Ka’b al-Ahbar was an authority on the Israelite traditions (isra’iliyyat), it is possible that it originated from his study of Jewish and Christian scriptures, and it was later accidentally attributed to the Prophet (ṣ). For this reason, some scholars considered the event mentioned by Dhul al-Qarnayn to be related to the catastrophic invasion of Muslim lands by the Mongols and Tartars, a disaster from which the strength of the Muslim world never fully recovered. Its chain is very good and strong, but there is a defect in its content because the verse apparently necessitates that they did not have power to overcome its elevation, nor penetrate it, due to the perfection of its foundation, firmness, and strength. [a], The form "Gog and Magog" may have emerged as shorthand for "Gog and/of the land of Magog", based on their usage in the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible. The oldest manuscript is recension α. [z] Confined Jews were later to be referred to as "Red Jews" (die roten Juden) in German-speaking areas; a term first used in a Holy Grail epic dating to the 1270s, in which Gog and Magog were two mountains enclosing these people. Twentieth-century scholars have used the term to denote the eschaton in a malleable sense, not necessarily meaning final days, or tied to the Apocalypse. They ask his help because “Yajuj and Majuj are wreaking mischief in the land”. , Some post-Cold War millenarians still identify Gog with Russia, but they now tend to stress its allies among Islamic nations, especially Iran. The material is not found in the oldest Greek, Latin, Armenian, and Syriac versions. In Ezekiel 38, Gog is an individual and Magog is his land; in Genesis 10 Magog is a man, but no Gog is mentioned; and centuries later Jewish tradition changed Ezekiel's "Gog from Magog" into "Gog and Magog", which is the form in which they appear in the Christian New Testament's Book of Revelation, although there they are peoples rather than individuals.. Based on Rubruck stating elsewhere "There are other enclosures in which there are Jews", Simek, Rudolf (2005) "the emergence of the viking age: circumstances and conditions", "The vikings first Europeans VIII – XI century – the new discoveries of archaeology", other, pp. It is estimated that their release was during the latter of the sixth century Hijri. [s] Branch IV of the poetic cycle tells that the task of guarding Gog and Magog, as well as the rule of Syria and Persia was assigned to Antigonus, one of Alexander's successors. It is said that Gog and Magog wall is made of metal behind which Yajuj Majuj are trapped, they try to dig a hole in it every day but fail to complete it. However, people … The Prophet made a circle with this thumb and finger. , The Pseudo-Methodius, written originally in Syriac, is considered the source of Gog and Magog tale incorporated into Western versions of the Alexander Romance. When he was traveling the world, he imprisoned the gog and magog behind a very thick wall of Iron,wood and coal. , Pair of individuals, peoples, or lands in the Bible and the Qur'an, For the Gog and Magog statues in London, see. There is no indication that they have not emerged before that, as the meaning of ‘emerge’ is to transfer from one location to another. This belief seemed more plausible when the world had not been so thoroughly explored as it has been now. The coming of the Messiah ben David "is contemporary with or just after that of Messiah ben Joseph" (van der Woude (1974), p. 527). The wall has already been destroyed and Gog and Magog went through it, while they and their predecessors will emerge again one last time before the Hour. This makes sense in light of Gog coming from the "far north." With no physical evidence to suggest its continued existence in our times, it is worth considering whether or not this belief is required by the Quran and Sunnah. Europeans in Medieval China reported findings from their travels to the Mongol Empire. , Various modern scholars of history and geography regarded the Vikings and their descendants as Gog and Magog, since the unknown group from Scandinavia had made their sudden and considerable entry into the history of Europe. , Gog and Magog also appear in Thomas de Kent's Roman de toute chevalerie (c. 1180), where they are portrayed as cave-dwellers who consume human flesh.  In modern times they remain associated with apocalyptic thinking, especially in Israel and the Muslim world. God informs Gog and Magog in Ezekiel 38:15, "You will come from your place in the far North” (the Hebrew word means "the uttermost part of the North." Yajuj and Majuj Gog and Magog I want know about the Yajuj and Majuj Gog and Magog I want to know that when will they come what will they do where are they now Please answer my question with the details All perfect praise be to Allah The Lord of the Worlds I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam is His slave and Messenger … You now know more than your pastor! Gog and Magog, in the Hebrew Bible, the prophesied invader of Israel and the land from which he comes, respectively; or, in the Christian Scriptures (New Testament), evil forces opposed to the people of God. The opening of Gog and Magog and their first emergence has already happened, and they caused corruption on the earth against people generally, and against Muslims and Arabs specifically, such as the trials of the Tartars, in the east, and the battles in European lands. According to the Greek version, Gog and Magog served the Belsyrians, whom Alexander fought them, "Tus" in Iran, near the Caspian south shore, known as, The idea that Gog and Magog were connected with the Goths was longstanding; in the mid-16th century, Archbishop of Uppsala, Riccoldo observed that the Mongol script resembled Chaldean (. , In fact, Gog and Magog were held by the Mongol to be their ancestors, at least by some segment of the population.  Arab traveler ibn Fadlan also reported of this belief, writing around 921 he recorded that "Some hold the opinion that Gog and Magog are the Khazars".  Reinterpretation did not generally continue after Classical times, but the needs of the modern world have produced a new body of apocalyptic literature in which Gog and Magog are identified as Communist Russia and China.  Dhul-Qarnayn, having journeyed to the ends of the world, meets "a people who scarcely understood a word" who seek his help in building a barrier that will separate them from the people of Yajuj and Majuj who "do great mischief on earth". Their emergence at the end of time, as described in the tradition of Al-Nawwas ibn Sim’an, is after the trial of the False Messiah.  During the Cold War the idea that Soviet Russia had the role of Gog gained popularity, since Ezekiel's words describing him as "prince of Meshek"—rosh meshek in Hebrew—sounded suspiciously like Russia and Moscow.  Ahmadiyya exegeses draw upon the etymological connection of the Arabic cognate Yaʾjūj wa-Maʾjūj with the underlying themes of blazing fire, hastiness and boiling water to what is viewed as the superlative industrial use of fire and steam by these peoples and to their restless political character. CHINA AS MAGOG. The exile, he tells his fellow captives, is God's punishment on Israel for turning away, but God will restore his people to Jerusalem when they return to him.  The legend claims that Alexander carved prophecies on the face of the Gate, marking a date for when these Huns, consisting of 24 nations, will breach the Gate and subjugate the greater part of the world. The gates were a popular subject in medieval travel literature, starting with the Alexander Romance in a version from perhaps the 7th century. That depiction creates an additional dimension in the relationship between Dhū’l-Qarnayn and Alexander the Great. Source: Risālatān fī Fitnat al-Dajjāl wa Yājūj wa Mājūj 1/51-52. The chief interest inthem centers about two points: (1) the wall built by Dhu al-Ḳarnain (Alexander the Great) to shut them off from the rest of the world, and (2) their reappearance as a sign of the last day. The prophet Ezekiel claims Magog’s descendants are from the far north, and will some day attack Israel. وفي وسط هذا الجزء التّاسع هو السّدّ الّذي بناه الإسكندر كما قلناه والصّحيح من خبره في القرآن. Gog and Magog appear in the Hebrew Bible and Quran as individuals, tribes, or lands. Verily, Gog and Magog are digging at the wall every day until they almost see the rays of the sun. The word of Hashem came to me:and say: O mortal, turn your face toward Gog of the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal.