(2012, November 28). Top cybersecurity facts, figures and statistics for 2020 From malware trends to budget shifts, we have the latest figures that quantify the state of the industry. http://bigcatrescue.org/big-cat-attacks-before-2000/ http://bigcatrescue.org/big-cat-attacks-2000-2005/ http://bigcatrescue.org/big-cat-attacks-2006-2010/ http://bigcatrescue.org/big-cat-attacks-2011-2017/ For an Excel sheet of incidents by state, by year, by species and by country go HERE Click to see the killings, maulings and escapes by big cats by total for each state for less detail, but numbers updated through 2014. Children under the age of 13 were most likely to be injured (71.9%). The victim was not in the cage, but was bitten severely enough to die from loss of blood. We can provide links to articles that verify that this accident was caused solely by keeper error. ", "Julie Johnson’s fears were eased after a man rescued her pet bobcat, who got himself stuck in a tree a week ago and would not come down. Melissa cares for a variety of exotic animals and has completed a certificate in veterinary assisting and a bachelor's degree in biology. The frequency of species involved in incidents reflects the proportions of the known captive populations of big cats in the United States (Chambers, 2017; Culver, 2011). The tiger was used for photo ops, motion pictures and advertisements. While it’s true there’s little to go on in this case other than the testimony of two witnesses, there have been other anomalous big cat sightings in Cornwall as recently as October 2018. Additional information: I could not confirm that the panther that attacked Frank Harmes was an actual escaped captive animal. Big Cat Safety Incidents by Year - Total from All Settings. While some cats blend in to hunt. Jaguar that escaped zoo enclosure may have bitten through steel barrier, officials believe. Including any negative incident involving exotic cats is too broad of a category, and surely many scenarios of this nature don't make the news. Attacks on Homeless. The press had a terrible time getting the story correct because of the grandstanding erroneous comments made by the Fresno Coroner. March 6, 2013 Fresno, CA: A 24-year-old intern named Dianna Hanson was mauled to death while inside a cage with a four-year-old male lion named Cous Cous. Retrieved December 14, 2018, from People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals website: https://www.mediapeta.com/peta/pdf/Big-Cat-Incident-List-US-only.pdf. I was very, very lenient with adding incidences to the list. Chambers, K. (2017). Incident frequency was charted by total per year [Figure 6] to get a sense of the trends over time, and for the two settings in which the majority of incidents occurred (zoological facilities and private non-professional settings). Based on phishing statistics from the past year, we can expect to see a couple of key trends as we move through 2020 and beyond: Attacks will increase in sophistication. The statistics are not always precise. I've written this article honestly, and I obviously support pet ownership, including larger, more dangerous species, if it is ethically and responsibly conducted. Any time a dangerous wild animal is kept in a captive setting, there is an associated safety risk. More than two thirds of all big cat safety incidents in private non-professional settings during the study period were animal escapes [Figure 15]. It had bitten her and was eating her while she was still alive. Figure 7. Home » Statistics » 38 Incredible Animal Attacks on Humans Statistics. The number of incidents in zoological facilities decreased rapidly in the last few years off the period evaluated, dropping from 13 incidents in 2014 to five in 2015, and continuing to drop each year thereafter. I also wanted to add~ When we feed the cats, we do not have direct contact but feed them in a "lock-out" system, never coming into contact with the cats. Figure 10. Results will be summarized by each category, by year, by the type of facility, and by outcome. April 6, 2006, Duxbury (15 Mi. In the last 25 years (1990-2014) two people have been killed by non-licensed pet owners' animals. June 7, 1999, Yorktown, TX: A 9-year-old girl was killed when her stepfather’s “pet” tiger grabbed her by the neck and dragged her into a water trough. Melissa A Smith (author) from New York on February 03, 2015: Unfortunately much of the information here will not be 100% accurate because the news media is notorious for getting things wrong. These incidents have resulted in the deaths of over 130 big cats and 25 humans as well as the injury of … A very small number of animals (3.1%) were found to have been dumped out of private non-professional situations. TORCH, Ohio October 22, 1992: A "liger," a cross between a lion and a tiger, dragged a keeper into its cage at a safari park and killed him, authorities said. Lauren Casey Villafana entered the cage as her stepfather, Bobby Hranicky, groomed one of his pet tigers. When you say attacked, it sounds gruesome, but it sounds like he just knocked her down and broke her neck.". Another death that has occurred while the keeper was feeding the animal in the enclosure alone, which is extremely dangerous. Incidences occurring outside the United States. While big cat safety issues occurred with some regularity in zoological settings and only dropped to consistently low numbers in the last few years of the study period, incident rates in private non-professional settings dropped drastically after 2008 and have been maintained at nearly zero. This lapse of judgement was a preventable, occupational hazard. Figure 2. “The other girl who was there grabbed a shovel and joined in and beat the tigers to get them away from her and that’s when they removed the deceased’s left arm.” Bracket was brought to Tulsa for treatment, but she died. Cause of Cat Aggression and Attacks. Adult members of the public were the next most common (38.8%); they were hurt both in attacks and in the majority of the instances of barrier crossing. Further research seemed to confirm that the serval and leopard incident were the same. Each source was included because the organization compiling it has a vested interest in maintaining an accurate and up-to-date record of incidents involving captive big cats in the United States, as well as the funding and staffing to facilitate such an effort long-term. This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional. Species Involved in Big Cat Safety Incidents - Zoological Facilities. The types of incidents that occurred over this 18 year period [Figure 2] were essentially equally divided between attacks (45.7%) and escapes (46.2%). Hi Melissa~ I work with Dale at Project Survival and am sending you the links to the correct reports. 2. Lions and cougars were ranked second and third for both population statistics and recorded incidents. One, this section of the website is under the tab "Big Cat Attacks", and then modifies that statement to "Yearly Maulings Killings and Escapes by Big Cats" further down the page. The information that you provide about Dianna Hanson/lion is not correct. Or when you pat them, one stroke too many means a full-scale, teeth and claws attack. Any time a dangerous wild animal is kept in a captive setting, there is an associated safety risk. Logic let's me guess that the animal was a serval, not a leopard. With prior professional experience in zookeeping, visitor education, shelter behavior management, and more, she works to translate pertinent field-specific knowledge into comprehensive explanations about current animal related topics. An estimated 80 percent of wild cats are in danger, especially big cats like tigers, jaguars, and snow leopards. June 7, 1994 Miami, FL: A senior zookeeper with 20 years’ experience was mauled and killed by a tiger at Miami Metrozoo. The 'incident' lists and statistics derived from them are flawed. This is an extremely important question. March 25, 2001 Las Vegas, NV: A tiger with Safari Wildlife attacked and killed his handler Eric Bloom. The above statement, Big Cat Rescue supported with big cat 'incidences' in the USA that includes at least 80 zoological facilities and at least 49 of these (more than half) were or are currently accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA). Via Flickr Tambako The Jaguar (CC BY-ND 2.0). People who break the rules of interaction with big cats, such as visitors and volunteers sticking hands in cages, constitute a significant portion of the list. Animal Bite Accident Statistics. In terms of big cat-related fatalities, the majority occur in USDA facilities, and there are far more of these unaccredited (by AZA) facilities than there are AZA-accredited facilities. Going through Big Cat Rescue's immense incident list proved to be a challenge and required months of research and categorization (and do-overs). You can edit the text in this area, and change where the contact form on the right submits to, by entering edit mode using the modes on the bottom right. Incidents in the compiled data set were categorized by the species involved, the setting in which the incident occurred, the type of occurrence, and the outcome of the incident. Experienced zookeeper David Marshall ignored warning signs that the tiger was present in the enclosure and entered it, inexplicably. When lionesses attack: Horrific footage as 'domestic' big cat leaps on man in European guest house and leaves his shirt in ribbons. Improved safety protocols and stricter licensing requirements from the USDA may have affected the operations of zoological facilities. In the last 25 years, (1990-2014), there has been, according to PETA and Big Cat Rescue's lists, approximately 260 exotic cat attacks that resulted in injuries that were probably severe or fatal. Dianna was a good keeper and just made a mistake. ", "A pet serval was turned in, no questions asked, at an exotic pet amnesty day sponsored by the Florida Wildlife Conservation Commission. Dec 17 2015 Durban South Africa: A tiger that had escaped from its enclosure at the Natal Zoological Gardens and Lion Park in Cato … DNR confirms three recent cougar sightings in Upper Peninsula [Television broadcast]. Fatalities are highly unlikely to not be reported, so they provide more nutritive information when comparing their occurrences by year. Big cats are inherently dangerous but that doesn't mean they can't be maintained safely and responsibly in a captive environment. ; A kitten that's protecting its "territory" from a perceived threat or interloper (such as a small child or another animal) also may become aggressive. Future research into the historical context surrounding big cat management in the United States during the study period can be utilized to identify addition trends in the data. Feline Conservation Federation. A call for better regulation of all facilities holding dangerous cats can likely be effective at lowering death and injury rates. Young children that live with owners of dangerous animals are the only victims that cannot control whether or not they want to be around the animals, and it is up to the parents to be responsible for them around dangerous activities. Young children should never be in enclosures with big cats. Reports of out-of-place large cats seem to be on the rise throughout the United Kingdom, and animal experts can’t agree on what may be behind these sightings. Species Involved in Big Cat Safety Incidents - All Settings*, *Unlabeled thin pink slice represents Ligers, 0.3%. Figure 16. Small children should never be in the vicinity of an unconfined sub-adult to adult big cat, and possibly not even medium-sized cats. Retrieved December 14, 2018, from https://www.bornfreeusa.org/?post_type=exotic_incidents&especies=LC&s=. Big cat attacks happen throughout the world. Outside of human owners being injured you don't talk much about how bored these cats are in their artificial and small environments. This means that collectively, big cats in captivity are managed well enough to minimize severe injuries and fatalities, contrary to what animal rights organizations are claiming. We did an interview with Piers Morgan to show how the door operates after the accident. Exotic Animal Park saying that just last month he was mauled by a six-month-old tiger and that “There was blood everywhere. This article includes almost any species someone can privately own and takes animal welfare into full consideration. (2017, March 31). Figure 1. Postal Service employees were attacked by a dog in 2018 9 (500 less than 2017 and 1,000 fewer since 2016) It can, has, and is being done for conservation, personal pleasure and educational reasons, but many of the best caretakers generally turn themselves into 'sanctuaries' in order to avoid falling victim to exotic animal bans. Sanctuary: A nonprofit business that provides a stationary collection of rescue animals with a permanent home. Hi Melissa~ I appreciate the work that you have done to come up with the graphs and other information in this article. While attacks by well-socialized animals are uncommon the risk to people who do not live with animal is too high. Figure 13. Big Cat Safety Incidents by Type - Zoological Facilities. Nevertheless, animals engage in combat. Retrieved December 14, 2018, from https://www.centralmaine.com/2012/05/01/ohio-wild-animal-stampede-ignites-vast-law-review/, Mountain Lion. Individual zoos and sanctuaries, as well as their accrediting organizations, likely record all incidents involving dangerous animals that occur at their specific facilities, but these records are not made available to the public if they do indeed exist. Retrieved December 14, 2018, from https://www.felineconservation.org/uploads/bltx_big_cats_by_species_and_type_of_facility_2016.pdf. Bar graph and scatter plots: Graph showing injuries and fatalities from exotic cats. Around 60 were private pet owners, and 33 were private exhibitors. Lions were third most common, at 14.7%. The fatality rate, which is far more reliable in terms of actually obtaining all the incidences, has no significant trend. Ohio’s big cat stampede prods review of laws nationwide. Big-Cat Incidents in the United States performing routine The following is a partial list of incidents involving captive big cats in the United States since 1990. Deaths of animal owners and zookeepers comprised fully two thirds (66.7%), or 10, of those 15 deaths. PETA's list (download) is superior because it only includes USA-based incidences but still has non-injurious attacks (including the 'licking' incident). Similar bad parenting occurs when children are not supervised around domesticated dogs, which leads to injury and death. Species Involved in Big Cat Safety Incidents - Private Non-Professional Settings. But when minors were killed by big cats, an equal number of teenagers and children died (6.3% each). I believe that the truth supports my arguments, and that's why I harbor my brand of opinions. Melissa A Smith (author) from New York on February 02, 2015: PSWendy-- The Daily Mail article makes it sound like the lion did force the door open, but because it was not secured all the way. Incidents in zoological facilities occurred with fairly consistent frequency up to about 2014 [Figure 7]. (2018). the people who worked directly with big cats, were the group most commonly injured or killed during the study period (41.8%), mostly as a result of attacks [Figure 13]. She also had 250 hours of supervised training with us before the accident happened. Of this number, 89 occurred in zoos, and 50 of these zoos were or are AZA accredited. Groups like the Humane Society often paint the impression that tigers and lions are causally purchased by 'regular' people as one might a dog or cat. The majority of these (62.7% of total incidents) resulted in only injury, while 4.2% of the incidents led to someone’s death. The Canine Research Council has this to say about dog bite-related fatalities: "Dog bite-related fatalities are extremely rare. I saw Born Free. Let's say there's 8000 big cats in the United States. Many of the records of big cat safety incidents in the source materials appear to have been obtained from media pieces covering the incidents rather than from direct reports. Contact Info. You can set your address, phone number, email and site description in the settings tab.Link to read me page with more information. Reasons Why Cats Attack. These attacks comprise of compilations of Lion Attacking Hyena, Zebra & Buffalo, Leopard Attacking Porcupine, Deer & Wildebeest. This seems deceitful for two reasons. Problems with inaccuracies also existed for both lists. The price of admission for a zoo in 18th century England was a dog or a cat, which were fed to the lions. Since the way a big cat was being kept or used was likely to be directly related to the risk of an incident occurring, incidents were categorized by the setting in which the incident occurred rather than the situation in which the animal was normally held. Where the risk is: Tiger licking his trainer. We will never know how or why she forgot to close the guillotine door to the lock-out before entering the main enclosure. This study represents the first time multiple data sets comprising big cat safety incidents have been combined, with the goal of providing a starting point from which the statistics and trends involved in captive big cat risk management can be further assessed. Regardless, the zoo was at fault for the enclosure failing to be escape-proof. Outcomes of Big Cat Safety Incidents - Zoological Facilities. Occurrences that were not heavily publicized (or that were kept secret) are therefore likely not included. Wow,your article makes me want to raise a lion or tiger. The tiger had been used in the operation’s traveling animal show and featured in Shrine circuses. Cat, Big. This is around 1.11% of the dog population that have caused 'severe' injury. Retrieved December 14, 2018, from https://bigcatrescue.org/big-cat-attacks-2011-2017/, Baskin, C. (2018c, November 30). She was visiting her son who worked there and had gone to feed the animals, which she reportedly had done before. While it is probable that not every incident in the country was recorded, the information that can be obtained from what is on record is extremely valuable. 30. But then again I am certain that 'you know better. "It was very minor." We can never know for sure what causes unprovoked spontaneous attacks by human-socialized animals as no animals are 100% predictable. Big Cat Attacks 2000-2005. Two-thirds of all incidents in zoological facilities ended in the injury or death of a person [Figure 12]. Turning your back on a big cat is a fatal error. TLDR: Captive exotic cat attacks are rare, and attacks from small to medium-sized cats are extremely rare. Dogs undoubtedly threaten human life uniquely to inherently dangerous exotics (injuries and fatalities are widely dependent on environment, reproductive status, nature of care, and misreading of their behavior) but the results are still important. All of them are included as efficient ape predators. 8. Most of these were thought to be cougars, or were recorded in the source incident lists as “unidentified large felids.” Studies have shown that cougars, whose current range is generally reported as only being west of the Rocky Mountains, have been recolonizing the Midwest since the 1990s (Larue et al., 2012). Dog bite-related human fatalities have always been exceedingly rare, though they can attract the kind of publicity that creates an impression that they are more prevalent than they actually are. Exotic cat incidences compared to domesticated dogs. Zoological facilities had at least 5 big cat safety incidents per year in 15 of the 18 years covered, and 10 incidents or more in 6 of the 18 years covered. Specifically, it is possible to identify the way misidentified wild felids may be influencing the data set, and to begin to get a sense of how the types of safety incidents that occur involving big cats have changed over the last two decades. It is unclear to me if the tiger was in the same cage as Lowe and his coworker, but it sounds like they had entered the cage to make repairs. A good portion of them are not horrendous injuries. During the study period, one volunteer who worked with or near the big cats was killed (6.7%). Retrieved December 14, 2018, from http://www.michiganradio.org/post/dnr-confirms-three-recent-cougar-sightings-upper-peninsula. As apex predators, big cats play an important role in keeping ecosystems in balance. Injuries to Minors During Big Cat Safety Incidents by Setting. Another keeper tried to help, but things got only worse. Did he run in to her? It was also reported that she was showing the lion to her Italian boyfriend. Groups Killed in Big Cat Safety Incidents - All Settings. Remove the word 'dog' and put in 'exotic cat'. Big Cat Safety Incidents by Type and Outcome (Wildlife Differentiated), Figure 23. What I found: Big Cat Rescue destroyed their data's credibility when they decided to include in their list 'incidences' that did not involve any attacks and no way to filter out the insubstantial data. I omitted an incident involving a lynx that was an actual case of a non-involved member of the public being attacked because there was no serious injury, however, you may include this if you like.
2020 big cat attacks statistics