293-315. Now, let’s begin with the first, and probably most popular freshwater fish, called the Guppy Fish: 1. 227-28. Why is fish habitat important. Figure 20. 238-45. 4.0 cm. The stretch of each sampling site (having three habitats) was approximately 50 to 100 m. The time span for each run was 5 min, and the time gap between the runs was 20 min. The large and significant amount of variation explained by habitat type may indicate that habitat use is indeed potentially an important factor determining total fish abundance. Idem, “Freshwater Fishes of Iran,” Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Academiae Scientiarum Bohemicae (Brno) 29/1, 1995, pp. Freshwater Fish. Persia lies at a faunal crossroads between Europe, Asia and Africa, and this is reflected in its fish fauna. In addition, abundance data shows that pools are the most preferred habitat and runs were intermediately preferred (Table 2). Johal MS, Tandon KK, Tyor AK, Rawal YK. Freshwater pike fish. King RP. Macroinvertebrate field collections were also undertaken along with the fish sampling period 13 sites and 39 microhabitats (Fig. 8.9 cm. Ecology. J Fish Biol. Fish community-habitat relations in a Central New York stream. Israel Program for Scientific Translation as Freshwater Fishes of the USSR and Adjacent Countries, 3 vols., Jerusalem, 1962-65. This axis is positively associated with the relative abundance of G. blanfordii, G. dembecha, and G. ignestii as well as with the relative total fish abundance. Figure 16. Idem, “Drei neue Fischformen aus Persien,” Anzeiger der Oesterreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse 66, Vienna, 1929b, pp. Others listed in the bibliography have added new species and revised our understanding of the Persian ichthyofauna. M. S. Karaman, “Zwei neue Süsswasserfische aus Afghanistan und Iran,” Mitteilungen aus dem hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut 66, 1969, pp. Idem, “Description of Two New Species of Fishes (Mastacembelus and Barbus),” The Annals and Magazine of Natural History 6(17), 1896, p. 397. The species which have an underslung mouth and a fine cutting edge to the lower jaw thrive there, living off the small plants and other organisms adhering to the rocks. 2006;87:2614–25. The fishes of the Caspian Sea and its tributaries, along with neighboring basins such as the Tedzhen in the east and the Urmia in the west, have some degree of endemism, but most species are also found in the Mediterranean and Black Sea basins. However, we can safely say that key macroinvertebrate taxon affects fish abundance independently of stream type and habitat type. Idem, “Untersuchungen zur fischereilichen Bewirtschaftung iranischer Stauseen und Fliessgewässer,” Verhand lungen der internationalen Vereinigung für theoretische und angewandte Limnologie 17, 1969, pp. a battle on two fronts: On the one hand with the spread of globalisation they ... Sawyer, that the quicker a freshwater fish is in the pan the better it is and let us remember also that in our country fish have "belonged here" since time immemorial and that the freshwater fish are, in the very truest ...] sense of the word, "Domestic Fish". An overview of labeonin relationships and the phylogenetic placement of the Afro-Asian genus Garra Hamilton, 1922 (Teleostei:Cyprinidae), with the description of five new species of Garra from Ethiopia, and a key to all African species. Two Little Fishies Misc. F. De Filippi, “Nuove o poco note specie di animali vertebrati raccolte in un viaggio in Persia nell’estate dell’anno 1862,” Archivio per la Zoologia, l’Anatomia e la Fisiologia 2, 1862, pp. 1998;9(1):1–128. In addition, macrophyte cover (%) was checked along the electrofishing areas (fish sampling trajectory in all sites of both streams). Effects of flow regime and cyprinid predation on a headwater stream. Fame Consortium. The significant variation can be categorized into habitat type, stream type, and key macroinvertebrates. The most speciose basins are the Tigris River basin, draining the Zagros Mountains to the head of the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea basin, which includes both fresh and brackish water habitats. Ecological diversity and its measurement: Cambridge University Press; 1988. p. 179. The riffles were least occupied habitat by the majority of fishes (i.e., both species wise and fish abundance). Cite this article. A number of minnow species, such as Capoeta aculeata (Figure 9), are distributed in isolated basins in a manner which suggests headwater capture as the mechanism, perhaps aided by more extensive water courses under pluvial conditions in the past. In: Guy CS, Brown ML, editors. Idem, “First Record of the Milkfish, Chanos chanos (Forskal, 1775) from Iran and the Persian Gulf,” Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 77/3, 1981a, pp. The Fresh-Water Fishes of Europe a Hist | | ISBN: 9785877970663 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Most literatures explain that smaller species tend to occur in shallow water with medium velocities and medium-to-large-sized substrate (e.g., Yu and Lee 2002; Chuang et al. Freshwater elefantfish and butterflyfish, flower horn cichlid and chinese hillstream loach… In this article you’ll find out about 10 very unlike fishes, however they all have 2 things in common: they are unique and they can live in your tank. D. M. Bartley and K. Rana, “Stocking Inland waters of the Islamic Republic of Iran,” FAO Aquaculture Newsletter 18, 1998, pp. I-IX. The bitterling, Rhodeus amarus (Figure 2), is particularly colorful in the spawning season when males have a bright red iris and iridescent violet and steel-blue flanks, the throat and belly are orange to blood-red, the dorsal and anal fins are bright red, margined with black, and the caudal fin is green at the base and yellow at the edge. The majority of these works are systematic and taxonomic. 2.1 m. Figure 2. nova from the Caspian Coast of Iran, and Some Zoogeographical Problems of the Southern Part of This Sea.” Comptes Rendus de l’Academie des Sciences de l’URSS 48/2, 1945, pp. The existence of good fish habitat is dependent on a number of factors, such as water flow, water quality, the presence of sufficient food, and the lack of excessive numbers of predators and competitors (Thompson and Larsen 2004). Idem, “Zoogeography of the Fishes of the Tigris-Euphrates Basin,” Zoology in the Middle East 13, 1996d, pp. A number of basins have headwaters which rise close together on plains, and drainage capture has no doubt been a significant means of transfer and dispersal of fishes between the many currently isolated basins in Persia. Therefore, we recommended that the streams particularly large pools should be protected from excessive pumping for irrigational use and pollution because they can be used as a refuge, feeding and spawning sites of stream fishes. A fresh water fish spends most of its life in fresh water. R: a language and environment for statistical computing. 1 A). P. H. Greenwood, “A New and Eyeless Cobitid Fish (Pisces, Cypriniformes) from the Zagros Mountains, Iran,” Journal of Zoology (London) 180, 1976, pp. P. G. Bianco, and P. Banarescu, “A Contribution to the Knowledge of the Cyprinidae of Iran (Pisces, Cypriniformes),” Cybium 6/2, 1982, pp. The most exotic freshwater fishes. 2006). 1267-70. 6, pp. For example the snakehead (Channa gachua; Figure 19) is known only from five specimens caught in Baluchistan (Coad, 1979b), but this is the westernmost distribution of the species. Mendelson J. Johnson JA, Parmar R, Ramesh K, Sen S, Murthy RS. River Res Appl. Version, 1; 2005. Jha BR, Waidbacher H, Sharma S, Straif M. Length- weight relationship of sucker head, Garra Gotyla (Gray, 1830) in different rivers of Nepal and the influence of monsoon. In regard to the native ichthyofauna, half the families are represented by only a single species, and only 3 families have more than 10 species. Based on this fish abundance, all pools support the highest fish abundance among the studied habitats of the streams and this might be due to its greatest depth which allows the fish species to get sufficient feed and refuge. Fish abundance strongly differed between streams, among habitat types, as well as along the key macroinvertebrate taxa (Corixidae, Tabanidae, and Damselfly larvae). Chuang LC, Lin YS, Liang SH. N. Annandale, “Notes on the Fish of the Genus Discognathus from India and Persia,” Records of the Indian Museum 18, 1919, pp. Error bars indicate standard errors and bars labeled by a different letter are significantly different, P < 0.05; these statistical comparisons were made between means (\( \overline{X} \)) similar habitats of the streams species. 5-13. It has much of relevance to northern Persia, although the taxonomy is now dated. 522-24. This work was funded by College of Natural and Computational Sciences (CNCS), Mekelle University from its recurrent budgets. Ecological Monographs. The effects of stream type, habitat type, and the key macroinvertebrate taxa are strongly confounded and cannot be separated, as most of the variation explained by them is shared. XX. G. Cuvier and A. Valenciennes, Histoire naturelle des poissons, 22 vols., Paris, 1828-49. In contrast, Elala stream is positively associated with riffle habitat types, water velocity, dissolved oxygen concentration, and water transparency (Fig. The difficulty of baggage transport limited the quantity of alcohol Keyserling could carry, and his early fish collections spoiled. Brian W. Coad, “FISH i. FRESHWATER FISHES,” Encyclopædia Iranica, IX,6, pp. Genetic differentiation through dispersal and isolation in two freshwater fish species from coastal basins of Northeastern Brazil. Figure 13. A total of 6554 fishes representing four species belonging to the family Cyprinidae were caught. Overexploitation (unsustainable fishing) poses a serious threat to fish and aquatic biodiversity and also to the livelihoods of people in riverine and lake communities. Newson MD, Newson CL. Although widespread, G. dembecha and G. ignestii were more frequently found at relatively low abundances (Table 1). 655-668; available online at http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/fish-i (accessed online at 17 August 2012). 2, Table 2). Shop All... Clearance Books/Posters ... Search "Close (esc)" Home / Freshwater Fish Filter Close menu. Triplot of standardized PCA results on the data of key variables of streams and habitat types showing the association between streams, habitat types, and key environmental variables on the community composition (abundance) of Garra in the 12 sites of the two study streams (Gereb Tsedo and Elala) and three additional sites downstream of their junction (for identification of streams and sampling locations see Fig. Zool Stud. In association with this commission, Major St. John made collections from 1869-71 with a collector from the Indian Museum, Calcutta. The study was conducted in two streams of Mekelle city, namely Elala and Gereb Tsedo. These fishes are restricted to a cave system in the Zagros Mountains; the extent of this cave system is unknown. 4). Idem, “Capoeta aculeata (Valenciennes in Cuv. Moreover, other parameters like water transparency using Snell’s tube (diameter 6 cm) (Sovell et al. Albert Günther of the British Museum published a series of papers on fishes from Persia, or fishes from neighboring countries eventually to be found in Persia, e.g., the collections of the Afghan Delimitation Commission dispatched by the British government to mark the western borders of Afghanistan; collections made by Robert T. Günther in 1898 in the Lake Urmia basin comprising four new species. Similarly, in other continents, the abundance of cyprinid fishes, e.g., G. cambodgiensis and Schistura breviceps, is reported to be determined by differences in food resource and habitat type (Rainboth 1996; Kottelat 1998; Ward-Campbell et al. 28–37. Most Popular Aquarium Freshwater Fish in one video. W. Villwock, “Das Genus Aphanius Nardo, 1827,” DKG-Journal (Cologne) 9/11, 1977, pp. These data can be made available to anyone who desires to see them from the corresponding author on request. Fish species diversity and richness among the three habitat types, as well as between the two streams, was calculated. Bagrid catfish (Mystus pelusius). We declare that whatever data have been used in the manuscript will kept remain intact. Idem, “Threatened Fishes of the World: Iranocypris typhlops Bruun and Kaiser, 1944 (Cyprinidae),” Environmental Biology of Fishes 46(4), 1996c, p. 374. 139-57. (Eds. 47-56. Two blue-yellow tropical fishes swimming in an aquarium. Idem., A Persian Quarter Century, London, 1979. Van de Meutter F, Stoks R, De Meester L. Metacommunity structure of pond macroinvertebrates: effects of dispersal mode and generation time. It was computed as the ratio of area covered to total area, i.e., by taking the length and mean widths of the stream covered by macrophytes. In: Doctoral dissertation, Ph. Ecology. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. Idem, “The Identity of Alburnus maculatus Keyserling, a Cyprinid Fish from Esfahan Province, Iran,” Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 29/2, 1982b, pp. ); and N(o)emacheilus smithi Greenwood (now assigned to the fam. Persiya” (A note on fishes of the river Karaj, northern Persia),” Izvestiya Bakinskoĭ ikhtiologicheskoĭ laboratorii 2/2, 1929, pp. 2007;23(8):893–903. 1991;87:336–42. G. blanfordii (overall relative abundance 73.4%) dominated many of the fish communities (Table 2). 255-72, pl. The systematic diversity of freshwater fishes in Persia is summarized in Table 1. Filled down triangle centroids represent average data of each habitat type. Relationships of the ichthyofauna. For temporal (season) and habitat differences in fish abundance in the streams, two-way ANOVA was used to check the effect of season, habitat, and their interactions. Striped panchax, … Many minnow species are small, but some attain a large size, up to 2.1 m and 136 kg for the “Tigris salmon” (Barbus esocinus; Figure 1). B. W. Coad and F. Krupp, “Redescription of Barilius mesopotamicus Berg, 1932, a Poorly Known Cyprinid Fish from the Tigris-Euphrates Basin,” Cybium 7/1, 1983, pp. Osmotic pressure is a tendency of w… 1958;22:82–90. Stiassny MLJ, Getahun A. Figure 7. Nine species were described. MacNeill DB. Thus the Urmia and Tedzhen (Harīrūd) basins show strong affinities to the Caspian Sea basin, but have a less diverse fauna, while the internal basins of Baluchistan have similar faunas to coastal basins, without the marine elements. In agreement to this, Harvey and Stewart (1991) reported that minnows (a small freshwater fish of the carp family) survive longer in pools than riffles and runs. This was due to the influence of the categorical variables namely streams (Gereb Tsedo, Elala), habitat types (pools, riffles), and macroinvertebrate taxa (Corixidae, Tabanidae, and damselfly larvae). 111-40. 1998;139:1–19. 332–34. Ya. Lepš J, Šmilauer P. Multivariate analysis of ecological data using CANOCO: Cambridge university press; 2003. Anecdotal reports exist of fatalities from southern Persia (Coad, 1979a). https://doi.org/10.1186/s41610-019-0107-6, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s41610-019-0107-6. Thirteen of the families are found in only one basin. Samples in a given stream were taken per the planned time for all the study seasons along an identical trajectory, which included all major river microhabitats (pools, runs, and riffles) (Jones et al. Community indices, parameters and comparisons. G. Azari Takami, S. Etessami and A. Saremi “Régime alimentaire des esturgeons (Acipenseridés) sur les côtes sud de la mer Caspienne,” Cybium 3/10, 1980, pp. C. J. Spillman, “Sur une collection de poissons (Cyprinidae, Poeciliidae) recueillis dans le sud-est de l’Iran,” Bulletin du Muséum national d’histoire naturelle (Paris) 41, 1972, pp. According to variation partitioning, the fractions of variation explained by streams, habitat variables, and key macroinvertebrate taxa were highly confounded and the amount of explained community variation that was shared by the three variable categories amounted to 28% (i.e., 0.15 + 0.08 + 0.05) (Fig. 65-72. N. A. Dmitriev, “Kefal’ v iranskikh vodakh Kaspiya” (Mullet in the Iranian waters of the Caspian), Priroda 12, 1946, pp. Fish species. 173-75. Tesfay, S., Teferi, M. & Tsegazeabe, H.H. Idem, “Threatened Fishes of the World: Lebias ginaonis (Holly, 1929)(Cyprinodontidae),” Environmental Biology of Fishes 51/3, 1998, p. 284. 2000;24(2):195–217. In land waters, 2013;3:331–40. Vienna: R Foundation for Statistical Computing; 2010. http://www.r-project.org. 388-407. Idem, “Eine neue Barilius-Art (Pisces, Cyprinidae) aus Mesopotamien,” Zoologischer Anzeiger 100, 1932, pp. Idem, “Alburnus doriae De Filippi, 1864, a Synonym of Leuciscus lepidus (Heckel, 1843), (Osteichthyes: Cyprinidae),” Matsya 9-10 ,1985, pp. 209–16. B. W. Coad and A. Abdoli, “Exotic Fish Species in the Fresh Waters of Iran,” Zoology in the Middle East 9, 1993, pp. Schlosser IJ, Ebel KK. Gorman OT, Karr JR. Habitat structure and stream fish community. Before the junction of the two study streams, each stream had 6 sites with 3 habitats each (pools, runs, and riffles) (Jones et al. 63-72. Idem, “A New Genus and Species of Cichlid Endemic to Southern Iran,” Copeia, 1982c, pp. rybadomaci.cz. 581-84. Environ Manag. I. Y. D. Vasil’eva, “Differentiation of Caucasian Gobies, Presently Grouped in the Subspecies Neogobius platyrostris constructor (Gobiidae), Based on an Analysis of Museum Collections,” Journal of Ichthyology 35/1, 1995, pp. 411-20. Stream type, habitat type, and key macroinvertebrate taxa each explained a significant proportion of the variation in fish abundance. 306-48, pl. 51-80. Factor analysis of associations of fishes in Little River, central Texas, with an interdrainage comparison. 1) Guppy fish. 113-14. Abundance and species richness as a function of food resources and vegetation structure: juvenile fish assemblages in rivers. Idem, “A Re-description and Generic Re-assignment of Kosswigobarbus kosswigi (Ladiges, 1960), a Cyprinid Fish from Turkey and Iran,” Mitteilungen aus dem hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut 79, 1982d, pp. The aims of this study were to describe the habitat preference and its availability to fish assemblage, as well as ecology, habitat use, and habitat characteristics. Hands feeding small fishes. Mekelle is the capital city of Tigray National Regional State in northern Ethiopia. Moreover, fish abundance increased with pool habitat type (P < 0.01) and with availability of key macroinvertebrate taxa (P < 0.01). Grid view List view. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis. Exotic fishes in aquarium. This definition includes: all "primary" (salt intolerant or stenohaline) freshwater fish, e.g. 163-72. 36-38, pl. Thompson LC, Larsen R. Fish habitat in fresh water stream. M. Holly, “Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Fischfauna Persiens,” Zoologischer Anzeiger 85, 1929a, pp. Chipps SR, Perry WB, Perry SA. Idem, “Fishes,” in J. E. T. Aitchison, The Zoology of the Afghan Delimitation Commission, London, 1889. However, he did draw cyprinid fishes from nature, and gave good descriptions of new species from Isfahan to Kermān. Central Persia is poor in species, despite covering the largest area, and the waters there comprise small streams exposed to the sun, with little cover of habitat diversity. South Africa: Institute for Water Quality Studies Department of water affairs and Forestry; 2002. p. 1–78. This article is available in print.Vol. Just as the sea can be a highway facilitating dispersal of fishes, so can major rivers. P. M. Banarescu and B. Herzig-Straschil, “A Revision of the Species of the Cyprinion macrostomus-group (Pisces: Cyprinidae),” Annalen des naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, 97B, 1995, pp. H. Ahnelt and J. Holcík, “Distribution of Two Species of the Genus Neogobius (Pisces: Gobiidae) in the Catchment Area of the Southern Caspian Sea,” Acta Universitatis Carolinae Biologica 40/1-2, 1996, pp. This membrane is semi-permeable, meaning that it only allows the solvent (water) to move across, but not the solutes. The snow trout tribe (Schizocypris, Schizothorax and Schizopygopsis) of the Sīstān basin (altitude under 500 m) are apparently derived from the Hindu Kush mountains (altitudes over 5000 m) via the long Helmand River (q.v.) Sovell L, Heiskary S, Anderson J, Sovell L. Using the transparency tube in Minnesota’s new Citizen Stream Monitoring Program. 22.9 cm. The Indian stinging catfish (Heteropneustes fossilis; Figure 16), an exotic species in Ḵūzestān, has venomous pectoral fin spines and an aggressive stabbing behavior when disturbed. 1981;106:379–91. 153-71, pl. As indicated in Fig. Freshwater Fish of America. Biological communities vary from season to season and order of streams such as first, second and third order streams, as a result of differences in habitat structure (Gorman and Karr, 1978), resource availability (Grenouillet et al., 2002), and biogeographical patterns (Matthews & Robison, 1998). 129-37. VIII-IX. Negi RK, Negi T. Assemblage structure of stream fishes in the Kumaon Himalaya of Uttarakhand State, India. 213-28. There are thirty-four documented unprovoked attacks with seventeen fatalities (Coad and Papahn); many other cases no doubt have gone unrecorded. Terms and Conditions, In addition, the relative abundance, species diversity, and richness of freshwater fish in different habitat types of the study streams showed that the pools are the lotic habitats that account the highest mean species richness followed by runs and riffles, respectively. His 1940 work on the zoogeography of freshwater fish of the Near East placed that fauna in context and included Persia, but it was his 1949 work on the freshwater fishes of Persia and adjacent countries which has been the major modern work on Persian fishes south of the Caspian Sea basin and the Lake Urmia basin. The current Red List publication shows that there are declining populations in 17% of Europe’s freshwater fish and lamprey species, but for 76% of species the population trend is … J Threatened Taxa. Part of the collections was described by J. T. Jenkins in 1910 from material taken in Baluchistan and around Shiraz and deposited in Calcutta. Their faunas are derived from the separate Tigris River basin, many species being shared. This stream is also strongly positively associated with fish community abundances which are mainly dominated by high abundances of G. blanfordii and moderate abundances of G. ignestii and G. dembecha (see also Table 1). Species of the genus Garra inhabit a wide range of substrates (muddy, sandy, and rocky bottoms) in streams, rivers, pools, and lakes. A. Razavi, “On Some New or Little Known Freshwater Fishes from the Iranian Coast of the Caspian Sea,” Folia Zoologica 41/3, 1992, pp.
2020 two fresh water fishes