However, better growth will be obtained in good, well-drained soil that is slightly acidic. Hardiness zone--6 (with winter wind protection). You are welcome to visit our native plant nursery located at 678 S Chiques Rd, Manheim, PA. It does need adequate moisture all year and good drainage. By native, I mean native to the U.S. #3 of my top native evergreen trees – Candicans white fir Candicans concolor fir – Picture does not do it justice – Abies concolor ‘Candicans’ – The white fir withstands city conditions better than any other fir and is resistant to heat and drought. Cultivars of Norway spruce are 'Nidiformis', a shrub-like, dwarf, dense, and broad plant; 'Pendula', with its main branches and stems weeping; and 'Procumbens', a dwarf, broad shrub up to 4 feet high. Hardiness zone--6 (may survive in colder areas with winter protection). Width: 1-2'. Hardiness zone--5 (with some winter protection against sun and wind). The flowers are one of this plant's main features. Acer palmatum – Japanese Maple Our favorite best ornamental trees for Southeastern PA gardens are Japanese Maple trees which add grace and beauty through the seasons. As a low-growing specimen and border plant, this species is admired for both its flowers and foliage. Japanese yew and many of its cultivars are widespreading, dense, with upright growing branches. This plant and all of its cultivars are the result of a cross between Taxus cuspidata (Japanese yew) and Taxus baccata (English yew). Where they will fit, white spruce, seem to tolerate a wide range of conditions such as wind, heat, drought, and crowding. Only the female plants set fruit. As the plant matures it becomes more spreading and oval shaped. Tolerant of a wide variety of soil moisture and pH the only thing this plant is particular about is sun--it needs sun. Open shade can be found in areas next to the north side of high walls, buildings, or trees. Since they remain basically the same during all seasons, they tend to add a degree of permanence to the garden and landscape. Overall texture of the plant is medium to coarse. There is no special treatment or fertilizer that can modify or change its color from green to that of the special forms. Its height of 40 to 60 feet and spread of 20 to 25 feet, however, limit its usefulness around the home. The following information on the height, hardiness zone, foliage, flowers and fruit, growth habit, landscape use, culture, and selected cultivars within a given genus and species should help create a picture of the plant. This is another large narrowleaf tree best suited to larger properties and open spaces. Evergreens are plants that retain live foliage from one season to the next. The ratio of width to length can vary greatly among the different types of plants. This is one of the few ornamental plants that should be purchased as container-grown plants. For those gardeners who need a large, upright broadleaf shrub, leatherleaf viburnum may be the answer. Most cultivars of Colorado spruce have been selected for their intense blue or silvery-blue color of foliage. As they mature the plants develop a somewhat flattened top with horizontal branches. Foliage is dark green with a conspicuous white line on the lower surface of each leaf. Among the most popular cultivars of Chinese juniper are 'Glauca Hetz', a large, rapid-growing, semi-erect, and spreading plant with light blue foliage. IMAGE INFORMATION; Striped Maple Moisture: Med Sun: Part/Shade Hgt. In winter the foliage remains green or takes on a slightly purple tint. The leaves are tightly arranged along the stem, giving it a flat appearance. Specific plant information is also needed to determine if the plant will survive within the limitations of a given site. Best growth and development occurs in deep, rich, moist, and well-drained soil where the plant gets full sunlight. Plant in full sun to part shade in moist soils. | Home | Wholesale Evergreen Trees Price List | Tree Buying FAQ | Tree Grade Photos | Tree Photos | Terms | Contact Us | Phone (570) 656-9222: Fax (570) 992-0229: Mailing Address: PO Box 739 Brodheadsville, PA 18322: Farm Location: 272 Merwinsburg Road Effort, PA 18330 The flowers and fruit on this plant are very similar to that on Oregon hollygrape except that the flower cluster is larger on this plant. When we plant evergreens and native fruiting shrubs we provide them with safe, ... Evergreen trees and shrubs. The cultural needs of rhododendrons are quite specific: moist, well-drained acidic soil; light shade in the winter; protection from drying winds all year; periodic applications of soluble iron fertilizer; and plenty of water in the fall before the soil freezes. It has green foliage and can grow 15 feet high with a spread of 20 feet. There are many forms and types of red cedar available. It has a rounded and slightly dense form with rather stiff and upright branches. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Photo: Kathy Salisbury. Its form is pyramidal at all ages. Mountain laurel requires certain conditions to grow properly, and it is often difficult to obtain good-quality plants in a landscape setting. This plant is also valued as a flowering and fruiting shrub. The broadleaf foliage is oblong, up to 2 inches long, and 1/2 inch wide. For descriptions of our trees please see our species page and for a … This will prevent seed development and increase the number of flower buds set for the following season. By entering your email, you consent to receive communications from Penn State Extension. The fruit is a 2- to 3-inch-long cone with heavy scales. The stiffness of the foliage gives the tree a coarse appearance. Remembering that a healthy system, one that supports a diversity of animal life, has 4 layers - the herbaceous or groundcover layer, the shrub layer, the understory layer and the canopy layer, here are some native evergreen plants that will fill each level. Notorious for getting "bare knees" consider planting one of the evergreen sedges below to help hide naked lower stems as this plant ages. It often develops multiple trunks, which make the plants look like a shrub. Hardiness zone--5. 'Emerson' is low and slow growing, 1 foot high and spreading 9 to 15 feet, with blue foliage during the winter. There are a number of cultivars on the market. Young Austrian pines have a dense pyramidal form, but as they mature they become broad, slightly flat-topped trees. Hardiness zone--6. Needles are ½ to 1 inch long, produced individually along the stem. This narrowleaf tree may be useful in some garden settings for vertical accent or as a tall screen. The descriptions of the plants are intended to supply you with enough information about the plant to determine if it will fit into your landscape design and plan. Sylvania Natives Ira Way, Pittsburgh, PA 15207 Sylvania Natives features perennials, shrubs, and small trees native to Western Pennsylvania. It will usually reach a height of 9 feet with a slight spread to the branches, making it an ideal outdoor bonsai or dwarf specimen plant. This evergreen has narrowleaf, scale-like, blunt-pointed foliage that is pressed against the branches. Why do we need this? It is this moisture loss that causes problems. Evergreens planted in these areas get practically no direct sunlight during the growing season. It is an upright, freely branching shrub with a rounded, open form that does not get as full and dense as some Japanese hollies. The Pennsylvania Native Plant Society advocates conservation of native plants and their habitats and promotes the increased use of native plants in the landscape. Some cone-bearing evergreens include pine, fir, spruce, juniper, hemlock, and cypress. Hardiness zone--4. Used as a specimen, windbreaker, screen or buffer. These cultivars differ in form and foliage color, which makes them useful as low hedges, border plantings, or as specimen plants with other informal shapes. 'San Jose' is a very dwarf cultivar (10 to 12 inches high) that will spread 5 to 6 feet with irregular branches; its color is a gray-green. There is no root damage with container-grown plants. We are an all volunteer, member based, non-profit organization. Other weather conditions also influence the hardiness of evergreens. Older plants tend to have slightly pendulous growth at the tips of the branches. The flowers and fruit of this variety are similar to those of the warty barberry. Two older cultivars are 'Nova Zembla' with red flowers and 'Roseum Elegans' with lavender-pink flowers. The branches grow upright in a spreading pattern and are quite stiff and thorny. Where its size is no problem, you can plant it as a specimen, background plant, or as a windbreak. As the trees mature, the branching structure becomes quite prominent, with heavy horizontal limbs. Leaf color is a brighter green than most other evergreens. Hardiness zone--3. The broadleaf evergreens that develop conspicuous flowers (pieris, mountain laurel, drooping leucothoe, mahonia, and rhododendron) can be very useful as border and accent plants. The puckered bright green leaves of native seersucker sedge adds color and texture to a winter landscape. Light pruning and thinning of the older wood will help retain good foliage and plant quality. Preferring well-drained slightly acidic soils, the Eastern White Pine is a bit more tolerant of various soil moistures than other native evergreens. There is a sweet aroma to the crushed foliage and stems. FORWARD The ... Eastern Pennsylvania; the Chester County Native … It is used mainly for its flowers and foliage. Most of them evergreen, most of them deer resistant. The lower leaf surface is covered with a yellow pubescense, which creates a two-toned effect as the leaf moves in a breeze. The flowers are inconspicuous and the fruit is spherical, ¼ inch in diameter, and black. Under most conditions it will reach a height of 30 to 40 feet and have a spread of 20 to 25 feet, which means that it is not well suited to small properties. Appears as a tuft of grass. The leaves are approximately ⅛ inch long, light green in the summer, and light brown in winter. Leaves have a glossy, deep green color on top with a whitish cast underneath. This very attractive spring-flowering shrub is frequently used as a specimen or border plant along with other evergreens. As a specimen plant it can also be used for its foliage texture and fruit crop. The central stems on the plant are quite erect. 'Nana', a dwarf form, is the only cultivar available. Strathmeyer Forests, Inc. features evergreen forestry, stock, and supply. This evergreen is a type of juniper tree. Both the flowers and fruit are of little ornamental value. No special pruning is required other than removal of a branch that may grow out of form as the tree develops. The cultivar 'Allegheny' has improved flower and fruit production. Some of the smaller forms can be used near buildings, where their structural form is not too harsh. Young trees have a pyramidal form and an open texture. Many of the improved cultivars, however, are better suited to today's home landscapes. Cultural requirements are the same as for hollygrape. For best growth and development, this evergreen should be planted in full sun where the soil is slightly acidic, well drained, and has adequate moisture all year. Cones hang below the branches and can be viewed during the winter. Gracefully plume-like in outline, white pine They can be used as an accent planting or for low borders in front of other plants. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Periodic pruning will keep the plant 3 to 5 feet tall and equally wide. Its height of 50 to 75 feet and spread of 15 to 25 feet may limit this fir to larger gardens and parks. 'Rotundifolia' develops glossy, deep green leaves about 1 inch long. 'Nana' is a slow-growing and compact plant that can be maintained at a height of 3 to 4 feet. 'Contorta' is an open and highly irregular, pyramidal form with twisted stems; it is slow growing. : 40-70' Color: Yellow/Red Bloom: Apr-May Native to drier woodland sites, this fern doesn't need the moisture you think of when you think of planting other ferns. It is not a very dense plant. A dense, multistemed shrub, this boxwood should be kept trimmed at 4 to 6 feet. Good growing conditions will improve its ability to withstand hard winters. Hollies, on the other hand, drop their leaves in the spring or early summer when the new crop of foliage begins to cover the ends of the branches. Our Eastern deciduous forest ecosystem tends to support those plants that lose their leaves in winter, so they don't become overburdened by the weight of the snow or slowly desiccate exposed to dry winter winds. These flowers vary from white to deep pink and are ½ to 1 inch in diameter in clusters 4 to 6 inches across at the end of the stems. 'Helleri' has small, flat leaves about ½ inch long. Such a shrub is useful in border plantings or as a fill-in plant under the branches of other plants. Alluvium is typically made up of a variety of materials, including fine particles of silt and clay and larger particles of sand and gravel. It develops into a rather informal plant with branches that arch back to the ground. Scarlet firethorn can be planted in most types of soil and does well if the soil dries out slightly in summer. The fruit is a cylindrical cone that is tapered at each end, 2 to 4 inches long, and about 1 inch in diameter. These areas are in full shade but are open to the sky. One of the best trees you can plant for wildlife habitat, this native sports blue berries through the winter. The broadleaf foliage is elliptic and elongated, 2 to 4 inches long, and about 1 inch wide. The tree does not do well in exposed locations or areas exposed to high levels of air pollution. Many flowering evergreens also grow best in half shade or light shade. Hardiness zone--4. Creating this layering in the landscape not only benefits wildlife but creates a landscape that offers year-round seasonal interest. The best way to do that is to hire a tree care professional. Its small size (2 to 3 feet high with equal spread) makes it ideal for a small planting where other larger broadleaf plants might not be appropriate. This plant was popular in formal gardens many years ago and can still be used where vertical accent is needed. 'Pendula' is the only cultivar with landscape value. 'Green Island' has light green leaves that are flat and up to ¾ inch long. Some of the flowers are quite small. Hardiness zone--5. This fruit, however, will frequently develop on the plant without pollination of the female flowers. The foliage color is a shiny green on the upper surface with conspicuous white lines below. The leaves are straight, ¼ to ½ inch long, and extend from the sides of the stems. Prepared by J. Robert Nuss, former professor of ornamental horticulture. The leaves on the stems are ½ to ¾ inch long and radiate all the way around the stem with a dark green upper surface and two white lines on the lower surface. There are dozens of Carex species (Sedges) you can use in your landscape. Trees that retain green foliage for three to five years or more are spruce, fir, hemlock, and yew. It may reach a height of 4 to 6 feet with an equal spread. On older portions of the plant the leaves become more needle-like. Hardiness zone--6. This plant should never be used near houses and other buildings where they will interfere with the branching pattern of the tree. 4 | Pennsylvania Native Trees and Shrubs Lancaster County Planning Commission Terms Alluvium soil: loose, unconsolidated (not cemented together into a solid rock), or sediments, eroded, deposited, and reshaped by water in some form in a non-marine setting. : 15-20' Color: Yellow Bloom: April-May Plant Community: A Young trees-distinctive striped bark: Sugar Maple Moisture: Med Sun: Full/Part Hgt. Effects of normal leaf or needle drop may be more striking a year or two after evergreens are transplanted. Flowers and fruit are the same as found on the English yew. C. S. Sargent' develops a carmen rose flower that is spotted with yellow. 'Capitata' is a densely pyramidal form that may grow as high as 40 feet with a spread of up to 15 feet. The specific growth habit will depend on the cultivar being used; the true species is generally not available as a landscape plant. A dense, often broad pyramid-shaped shrub, American arborvitae has short branches that are attached in fan-like planes at right angles to the main trunk. Japanese cryptomeria tends to be a pyramidal or conical tree with a heavy central trunk. Individual flowers range from 2 to 2½ inches across and are produced in clusters up to 6 inches in diameter by late May. It is frequently used as a specimen, background, or windbreak tree. This is a rather coarse-textured plant that will have limited use in the average home landscape. See All Pest, Disease and Weed Identification, See All Beer, Hard Cider, and Distilled Spirits, See All Community Planning and Engagement.
2020 pennsylvania native evergreen trees