"On the third day" (1 Samuel 20:19). "While Saul lay bound by his trance at Nairoth, David, escaped to the court and got to speak with Jonathan."[4]. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". "These words possibly meant that Jonathan was born of a prostitute. Jonathan’s second bold deed of arms ( 1 Samuel 14:1-15) is, in contrast with Saul’s failure to stand the trial of faith, an example of victorious heroic faith, which consists in unconditional but humble reliance on the almighty help of the Lord (“perhaps the Lord will, etc.,” 1 Samuel … : Again, David seems somewhat shaken by the fact that Jonathan did not tell him about the attempted arrest at Naioth. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 8:4-20; 11:14-15 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Chapter 7 told us that Samuel served as a judge over Israel "all the days of his life" (7:15). When the Lord cuts off every one of the enemies of David from the face of the earth, let not the name of Jonathan be cut off from the house of David. : Jonathan knew from this response that Saul’s heart was settled on evil against David. You can check these in your browser security settings. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. When I have sounded out my father sometime tomorrow, good toward David, and I do not send to you and tell you, may the LORD do so and much more to Jonathan. . Introduction. God chose David instead, and the Prophet Samuel anointed David as the future king over Israel. He will not be welcome again in the palace and he would not be safe again at home. He would no longer be welcome among the army of Israel. What has he done?” Then Saul cast a spear at him to kill him, by which Jonathan knew that it was determined by his father to kill David. Do I not know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame and to the shame of your mother’s nakedness? Jonathan had a noble commitment to David as a friend. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. It. And may the Lord take vengeance on David's enemies." that Saul set out to get David at Naioth, though previously his father told him everything. e. Why should he be killed? Now the king sat on his seat, as at other times, on a seat by the wall. Jonathan agreed to care for David in the face of Saul’s threat and David agreed to care for Jonathan and his family in the future. Now the king sat on his seat, as at other times, on a seat by the wall. David fulfilled this promise to Jonathan (2 Samuel 9:1-8 and 21:7). If your father misses me at all, then say, ‘David earnestly asked, of me that he might run over to Bethlehem, his city, for, a yearly sacrifice there for all the family.’ If he says thus: ‘. Then said David to Jonathan, "Who will tell me if your father answers you roughly"? it will be well with your servant; but if he is angry, then know that evil is determined by him. David, to say if it is good or bad towards David. (1-4) David asks Jonathan about Saul’s intentions towards him; Jonathan promises his help to David. “David, even if you must leave the palace and your home behind and flee as a fugitive, i. Jonathan shows his spiritual maturity when he says, “, ,” because one might think that the LORD was really. i. Why should my father hide this thing from me? Then I will shoot three arrows to the side, as though I shot at a target; and there I will send a lad, , ‘Go, find the arrows.’ If I expressly say to him, ‘Look, the arrows. When the lad had come to the place where the arrow was which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried out after the lad and said, “Is not the arrow beyond you?” And Jonathan cried out after the lad, “Make haste, hurry, do not delay!” So Jonathan’s lad gathered up the arrows and came back to his master. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. All such "difficulties" in the acceptance of this chapter are due to the failure of writers to understand the situation. 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. If your father misses me at all, then say, ‘David earnestly asked permission of me that he might run over to Bethlehem, his city, for there is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family.’ If he says thus: ‘It is well,’ your servant will be safe. He remembered that Jonathan’s support for him was challenged by the fact that his father was against David. He could have simply stayed there for however long it took Saul to give up or die. It will be kindness to ourselves and to ours, to secure an interest in those whom God favours, and to make his friends ours. This refers to the third day of the feast. ", "If I am still alive, show me the loyal love of the Lord, that I may not die", "Go to the place where you hid yourself when the matter was in hand", "You son of a perverse and rebellious woman", "Neither you nor your kingdom shall be established", "David rose from ... the stone heap and fell on his face to the ground", Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. (24-34) Saul is enraged when he learns of David’s absence. Yet David left for a good reason: He wanted to know if Saul’s heart had changed, and if there was still a chance to reconcile with Saul. As soon as the lad had gone, David arose from a place toward the south, fell on his face to the ground, and bowed down three times. But if I say thus to the young man, ‘Look, the arrows are beyond you’—go your way, for the LORD has sent you away. The second point may be more interesting than relevant. The signal by which David would know whether or not he was an outlaw condemned to flee from the wrath of the king, or if a reconciliation could be brought about - that signal was clear enough. 1. By giving David early warning of this Jonathan will help David go in safety. Then Jonathan said to David, "Go in peace, forasmuch as we have sworn both of us in the name of the Lord, saying, `The Lord shall be between me and you, and between my descendants and your descendants, forever.'" You shall not cut off your kindness from my house forever: Jonathan was aware of the political dynamic between the family of David and the family of Jonathan. And as for the matter which you and I have spoken of, indeed the LORD be between you and me forever.”. because they both agreed to honor each other not only in life, but also to honor each other’s families beyond their own lifetimes. "You son of a perverse and rebellious woman" (1 Samuel 20:30) This vile slur cast upon Jonathan was the ancient equivalent of the vulgar present-day insult, "You son-of-a-bitch." This was a crucial time in David’s life. The soul of Jonathan was knit to the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul: Jonathan, the son of Saul, appeared before in 1 Samuel 14. The person seated there has his left arm confined by the wall, but his right hand is at full liberty. And when the New Moon had come, the king sat down to eat the feast. Saul had made no formal charge whatever against David; he had given no reason whatever to support his reasons for trying to kill David; and it was most natural that, in this circumstance, David should have attempted to find out what lay behind Saul's violent behavior. You can be sure of it.”. 3. But if there is guilt in me, slay me yourself; for why should you bring me to your father"? Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. i. Meyer on the son of Jesse: “Speaking of him derisively as ‘the son of Jesse,’ thus accentuating his lowly birth, and ignoring the relationship that bound him to the royal family.”. a. But if I say thus to the young man, ‘Look, the arrows, beyond you’—go your way, for the LORD has sent you away. 1 Samuel 1:22 Masoretic Text; Dead Sea Scrolls always. "[7] "He also believed that his father would honor his oath that David should not be put to death. 21 When it was told Saul, he sent other messengers, i and they also … David at once responded with a plan to ascertain the real situation between himself and Saul. He would no longer be welcome at the palace. b. i. And when the New Moon had come, the king sat down to eat the feast. ! And do not cut off your loyalty to my house forever. So when, it happened the next day… that David’s place was empty, : “Speaking of him derisively as ‘the son of Jesse,’ thus accentuating his lowly birth, and ignoring the relationship that bound him to the royal family.”, Jonathan answered Saul, “David earnestly asked permission of me to go to Bethlehem”. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. a. But if it pleases my father to do you evil, then I will report it to you and send you away, that you may go in safety. And send you away, that you may go in safety, : Jonathan knows that if his father Saul intends evil against David it means that David must go, . It is not so. And he said unto him, God forbid; thou shalt not die: behold, my father will do nothing either great or … The feast was apparently a night affair, because it was "in the morning" (1 Samuel 20:35) of that third day (following the second of the feast) that Jonathan would give the pre-arranged signal to David. Then Jonathan gave his weapons to his lad, and said to him, “Go, carry, : It took courage for Jonathan to communicate with David, even secretly – because he knew that if his father became aware of it, he would focus his murderous rage against Jonathan. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. "And he said unto him, God forbid; thou shalt not die: behold, my father will do nothing either great or … Browse Sermons on 1 Samuel 1:1-20. "On the third day" (1 Samuel 20:19). Are you still behind me?” Essentially, David says “If you really are working for your father and agree with him that I deserve to die, then just kill me now.”, i. : Jonathan covered for David, trying to give Saul a plausible (and truthful) explanation for David’s absence. But now all that was gone because David couldn’t stay and Jonathan couldn’t go, so they, : If Jonathan had reason to weep, David had. “It seems probably that he went first to Bethlehem, as he bade Jonathan to tell his father, ver. So they both went out into the field.". (41-42) The tearful farewell of David and Jonathan. The private meeting between David and Jonathan here was possible only because Saul had not yet returned to his court from Ramah. “David, even if you must leave the palace and your home behind and flee as a fugitive, the LORD will be with you. : After Jonathan learned his father’s heart and intention towards David, he would communicate to David through a signal. Then Jonathan said to David, “Go in peace, since we have both sworn in the name of the LORD, saying, ‘May the LORD be between you and me, and between your descendants and my descendants, forever.’” So he arose and departed, and Jonathan went into the city. ii. How will Jonathan get the message to David? b. Jonathan answered Saul, “David earnestly asked permission of me to go to Bethlehem”: Jonathan covered for David, trying to give Saul a plausible (and truthful) explanation for David’s absence. And. So Jonathan's lad gathered up the arrows and came to his master. As Willis noted, "These events (of 1 Samuel 19-20) transpired over a relatively brief period, following the ostensible reconciliation between Saul and David in 1 Samuel 19:7. He had not yet recovered his clothes and returned from Ramah! And Jonathan gave his weapons to the lad, and said to him, "Go and carry them to the city." When I have sounded out my father: Jonathan will find out his father’s heart and will report it to David, to say if it is good or bad towards David. His support of David wasn’t a, before the LORD. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. This shows how deep Saul’s hatred of David was – he would kill his own son for siding with David. Was David in God’s will? Why aren’t you just trusting God?” Instead Jonathan knew David’s heart was pointed in the right direction, and he offered. Conceivably, he could have said, “Where is your faith, brother? c. Far be it from you: With this encouragement Jonathan told David to no longer doubt his loyalty. "Tomorrow is the new moon, and I should not fail to sit at the table with the king" (1 Samuel 20:5). David reinforced his words with a double oath, and provided Jonathan with the real reason why he had not been taken into the king's confidence in the matter of his decision to kill David. And he rose and departed; and Jonathan went into the city.". And Jonathan made David swear again by his love for him; for he loved him as he loved his own soul.". Then he said to his lad, “Now run, find the arrows which I shoot.” As the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him. "There is but a step between me and death" (1 Samuel 20:3). So now, if I have found favor in your eyes, let me go away, and see my brothers.' The rest of First Samuel is devoted to the record of how God protected and preserved David from the myriad dangers that confronted him. Are you still behind me?” Essentially, David says “If you really are working for your father and agree with him that I deserve to die, then just kill me now.”. What have I done: Here David checked his relationship with Jonathan. Although Saul loved David in the beginning, he soon became intensely jealous of him. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? David honored his promise here as revealed in 2 Samuel 21:17. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. David said to Jonathan, "Behold, tomorrow is the new moon, and I should not fail to sit at table with the king; but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field till the third day at evening. c. And the LORD will be with you as He has been with my father: Jonathan wants to give David more than a warning; he gives him encouragement also. And he said to his lad, "Run and find the arrows which I shoot." (35-40) Jonathan reports to David through the signal of the arrows. "Who will tell me if your father answers you roughly?" * [ 1:20 ] Samuel : Hannah’s explanation associates her son’s name with the narrative’s wordplay on the Hebrew verbs s’l (“ask,” vv. He would continue to be king, so he thought, in spite of the will of God; and here it appears that he expected Jonathan to succeed him and continue his dynasty. (5-11) David proposes to test Saul’s attitude. (12-13) Jonathan will discover the state of his father’s heart towards David. And Jonathan rose from the table in fierce anger and ate no food the second day of the month, for he was grieved for David, because his father had disgraced him.". 1 Samuel 20. But the Spirit of God came even upon him, and he walked along prophesying until he came … If I knew that it was determined by my father that evil should come upon you, would I not tell you"? 6, and thence returned to the field, when the occasion required; else we must charge him with a downright lie, which ought not to be imagined (without any apparent cause) concerning so good a man.” (Poole). ii. "[11] From the most ancient times, it has been customary to revile a person by slandering or belittling his ancestors. "[8], This trip of David to Saul's court in Gibeah was exceedingly dangerous; but in the circumstances it was absolutely necessary. But the lad did not know anything. I have dedicated him as a Nazirite—all the days of his life.” 1 Samuel 1:23 Masoretic Text; Dead Sea Scrolls, Septuagint and Syriac your And he said, ‘Please let me go, for our family has a sacrifice in the city, and my brother has commanded me to be there. But if it pleases my father. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. And send you away, that you may go in safety: Jonathan knows that if his father Saul intends evil against David it means that David must go away. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. ). For as long as the son of Jesse lives on the earth, you shall not be established, nor your kingdom. : Jonathan and David agreed to care for one another. INTRODUCTION TO FIRST SAMUEL 20. Samuel, Saul and David. And when the lad came to the place of the arrow which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan called after the lad and said, "Is not the arrow beyond you"? “Behind you is the sunny morning, before you a lowering sky; behind you the blessed enjoyment of friendship, wife, home, royal favor, and popular adulation, before you an outcast’s life.” (Meyer). Nevertheless, if there is iniquity in me, kill me yourself, for why should you bring me to your father?” But Jonathan said, “Far be it from you! Then Jonathan said to David, “Go in peace, since we have both sworn in the name of the LORD, saying, ‘May the LORD be between you and me, and between your descendants and my descendants, forever.’” So he arose and departed, and Jonathan went into the city. a. And behold, I will send the lad, saying, `Look, the arrows are on this side of you, take them,' then you are to come, for, as the Lord lives, it is safe for you and there is no danger. "If there is guilt in me, slay me yourself" (1 Samuel 20:8). The king had recently sworn in a solemn oath that David should not die. "Whatever you say, I will do for you" (1 Samuel 20:4). In asking, “What have I done?” David wanted to know if Jonathan has come to a place of agreement with his father Saul.
2020 1 samuel 20 commentary